When the lining of the bronchial tubes (tubes carrying air to and from the lungs) gets inflamed, this can cause bronchitis. There are two types of bronchitis: chronic and acute. Chronic bronchitis is persistent and usually takes longer to heal completely, whereas acute bronchitis generally clears up faster. Acute bronchitis also develops due to viral infection, though it may also develop due to bacterial infection. In contrast, chronic bronchitis is often caused by smoking tobacco as well as exposure to air pollution, dust, or toxic fumes.
However, to learn whether bronchitis is bacterial or viral, the mucus or sputum from a cough can be visually examined. White or clear mucus often indicates a viral infection, whereas green or yellow mucus may suggest a bacterial infection.
The symptoms of bronchitis may include:
The treatment depends on what type of bronchitis you have.
The treatment can be different if you have chronic bronchitis, as COPD is not curable. However, the symptoms can be treated by the oxygen therapy, drugs, pulmonary rehabilitation, surgery, or a combination of these treatments. Your doctor may prescribe a device for clearing mucus, known as an airway clearance device, to help bring the mucus up without any difficulty.
For acute bronchitis, you may not require any treatment. However, you can use over-the-counter drugs that treat fever or break up mucus.
Chronic bronchitis is a persistent condition, whereas acute bronchitis usually resolves automatically within a few days. However, consult a doctor if you have concerns about the possible symptoms.
If you are concerned that you may have bronchitis symptoms, visit us at 8-2-8 Urgent Care, a renowned walk-in Center in Oceanside, CA, for bronchitis treatment. Our experienced medical team can effectively treat bronchitis and several related conditions.