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Food Poisoning: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention, and More

May 31, 2022

Health and Wellness

Food Poisoning: Symptoms, Causes, Treatment, Prevention, and More

Food poisoning is mainly caused by different kinds of bacteria and, at times, from other germs too. Such bacteria or germs can get inside your gut through the food or drinks that you consume. The bacteria and other germs enter your body and release toxins that can cause nausea and diarrhea.

It is easy to confuse food poisoning with stomach flu, as they have similar symptoms. However, they are caused by different bacteria and viruses. If you develop stomach cramps after a few hours of eating or drinking, it can be because of food poisoning. However, stomach flu is contagious and usually develops after a day or two of exposure to the norovirus. Keep on reading to learn about the symptoms and treatment of food poisoning.

Signs and Symptoms of Food Poisoning

Food poisoning can be quite uncomfortable. Yet, it is not life-threatening and usually subsides within two days. However, you should see a doctor if your symptoms persist, and you notice blood in your stool or feel dehydrated.

If you experience any of the following symptoms within an hour or two of food consumption, it might be food poisoning:

  • Nausea
  • Stomach cramps and pains
  • Vomiting
  • Fever
  • Diarrhea
  • Occasional headaches and other weaknesses

In rare cases, food poisoning can also make you feel dizzy and cause you to have trouble breathing. Your vision may also get blurred. If you notice such symptoms, consult a physician without any delay.

What Causes Food Poisoning?

You may be allergic to certain foods like poultry or gluten. Unclean food or unhygienic habits can also cause food poisoning. If you suffer from chronic diseases or have a weak immune system, you stand more at risk of food poisoning.

Common bacteria and viruses that cause food poisoning include:

  • Salmonella: It is a group of bacteria found in raw meat and undercooked eggs. It is also found in unpasteurized milk and cheese.

  • Clostridium Perfringens: A form of bacteria found in chicken and beef. It spreads mostly from cafeterias and restaurants where a large amount of food is prepared.

  • Campylobacter: They are found in undercooked poultry, unpasteurized milk, and at times, in water.

  • E. coli: It is found in animal feces and sewage. Beware of undercooked food that is prepared with water from unknown sources.

What to Do If You Have Food Poisoning?

The first thing you need to take care of is your health. If you are experiencing symptoms of food poisoning, make sure to

  • Get plenty of rest. Now is the time to sleep as much as you can.
  • Drink plenty of water and other liquids to stay hydrated. Avoid caffeine and milk. Instead, drink ORS and electrolytes.
  • Avoid solid foods, including dairy products.
  • Do not consume any over-the-counter medicine without your doctor's consultation, as it can aggravate your symptoms.

Tips to Prevent Food Poisoning

  • Do not drink water used to grow fruits or vegetables as it may be easily contaminated with human and animal feces.
  • Avoid raw meat or poultry products that may get contaminated during shipping or processing.
  • Never eat any food item kept in the open for long, as it can get infected with bacteria and other germs.
  • Do not consume unwashed fruits and vegetables. Food handlers can also contaminate the food if they do not maintain hygiene while preparing the food.

Why Choose 8-2-8 Urgent Care?

If your food poisoning symptoms persist or frequently recur, ignoring the signs may put you in trouble. It is high time to seek professional treatment. Contact us or visit 8-2-8 Urgent Care to get expert medical treatment and achieve quick recovery. Our team of experienced and professional medical staff can help you address your symptoms before your condition worsens.

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