If an individual suffers from a cold that will not go away, he or she might be suffering from sinusitis. Sinusitis is a condition where the paranasal sinuses, the cavities within the bones that surround the nose, get inflamed. It is a very common condition that, according to recent research, annually affects over 30 million people in the United States.
During sinusitis, a thin mucus-producing membrane lines the sinuses. The mucus is usually swept away by hair cells and in the nasal cavity drains through minute openings. Sinusitis occurs when this drainage system is blocked.
Structure of the Paranasal Sinuses
Four pairs of sinuses surround your nose. They drain into the nasal through narrow channels called ostia. After the mucus leaves the frontal and maxillary sinuses, it drains through the ethmoid sinuses. Therefore, a backup in the ethmoids can probably clog the other two types of sinuses. The sphenoid sinuses, on the other hand, are located deep inside the skull, right behind the eyes.
Acute Sinusitis – This is a viral infection that has the shortest duration. Seasonal allergies can also cause acute sinusitis. It is brought on by the common cold and can cause symptoms generally lasting between 1 to 2 weeks. Acute sinusitis caused by a bacterial infection can last up to 4 weeks.
Subacute sinusitis – This usually lasts between 1 to 3 months.
Chronic sinusitis – This is usually more severe and occurs because of bacterial, viral, or fungal infection. Moreover, chronic sinusitis also commonly occurs due to nasal structural problems, nasal polyps, blocked airways caused by asthma, poor immunity, or persistent allergies.
Sinus irrigation or sinus flush is a self-care practice that allows you to rinse your nasal passages gently with a saline solution. This helps to open the nasal passages and clears out the mucus.
If you are suffering from sinusitis, please visit 8-2-8 Urgent Care Clinic, a well-known walk-in clinic based in Oceanside, CA, for the best medical services and treatment options.