Blood pressure is a measure of force used by the heart to pump blood throughout the body. This force is essential because the nutrients, oxygen, white blood cells, and antibodies for immunity and hormones cannot be transported in the circulatory system without blood pressure. However, blood pressure can get extremely high or low, both of which can be dangerous. This article talks about how blood pressure is measured and what these measurements signify.
Blood pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg) and consists of two types:
The normal blood pressure for adults is defined as a systolic pressure of less than 120 and a diastolic pressure of less than 80.
Your healthcare provider will ensure that you are properly seated in a chair with your feet flat on the floor during the blood pressure measuring procedure. Then, the blood pressure cuff will be wrapped above the elbow. For manual measurements, your healthcare provider will place a stethoscope over the major artery in your upper arm to listen to the blood flow.
Your provider will then inflate the cuff with a small hand pump, and as it inflates, it squeezes your arm, stopping the blood flow for a moment. The healthcare provider will open the valve on the hand pump to gradually release the air in the cuff, restore the blood flow, and record your blood pressure while listening to the blood flow and pulse.
Many blood pressure machines inflate and measure the blood pressure automatically without needing a stethoscope.
Here are the symptoms to look out for if you have high blood pressure:
The causes can be related to unhealthy habits like drinking, smoking, and not exercising. If high blood pressure is left untreated, it can increase the risk of developing serious health issues like coronary heart disease.
Low blood pressure is a rare issue usually caused as a side effect of some medicines. It can also be caused by some underlying conditions, like dehydration.
Are you suffering from blood pressure issues? At the 8-2-8 Urgent Care walk-in clinic, we can provide you with high-quality medical services and make sure that all your needs are met. Contact our medical team to book an appointment now.